This blog could be said to be all about ley lines…. but please bear with me. I could be just as sceptical as you. I want to know the truth and hopefully have an open mind.
For those unfamiliar with blogs, the bit you are reading now is not called a page but a post. All posts are at the front of the website and are chunks of information added as and when I wish to say something new. In the header they are listed under Home. All other headers are pages and are the meat of the website and more akin to an e-book. These pages are permanent (although they can be edited by me) whereas posts are a temporary storage for information which may be added to the pages and are open for readers comments.
To see an overall description and plan of the alignment of ancient sites go to the top line of headers above and open the header titled ‘Summary of Alignments’ rather than clicking on the sub-headers revealed by hovering over the other main headers.
So what’s it all about….
Some forty years ago I made an extraordinary discovery – certain ancient sites in the area around my home town of Guildford were arranged within the landscape in a seemingly intentional pattern. Some sites fall upon bearings of ten degrees from a common point and are aligned at regular distances from that point. This regular distance also occurs along other alignments within the area. On one alignment I calculated a high point where I suspected a site may have existed and consequently discovered an unrecorded barrow at precisely that point – later confirmed by the County Archaeologist.
The following pages are the result of many years of intermittent research into the alignment of ancient sites across the landscape, popularly known as ley lines. Originally ley lines were defined as the physical alignments of ancient sites but in recent years they have become to be thought of as lines of ‘earth energy’ detectable by dowsing. This is outside my area of interest and I no longer think of or refer to alignments in this work as ley lines.
The first pages are entered under the header titled About. After the Introduction the chapter titled Beginnings describes my early years of research and this is succeeded by Developments which describes recent research dating from the time this blog was begun. The Summary of Alignments is a listing and brief description of the lines, and the heading is concluded by a brief (at the moment) chapter titled The Elephant in the Corner on the contentious issue of site relevance.
At this time there are thirteen alignments listed in this work. Others may come to light especially if the area of interest is expanded. The alignments are divided into two groups. The primary group is at bearings of 10° intervals from a common point. These intervals have been refined to 9.95° and the bearings have been divided into the recurring distance interval of 3600 feet (1097.3m). This distance, for want of a better name, I have called the Druid Mile (DM). The secondary group are all roughly East-West and contain further instances of the Druid Mile.
It should be noted that this is very much a work in progress and many entries await the addition of information. Field-work, once all sites are studied and photographed, will be concentrated on visiting deduced points on the alignments in the hope of discovering other unrecorded sites. This would go a long way to proving the theory.
For those who are interested in the origins and developments of the ley theory I recommend the website of Paul Devereux who has written a concise and comprehensive history from the coining of the term by Alfred Watkins in 1921 up to recent times. Go to www.pauldevereux.co.uk and click on ‘ley lines’ in the contents panel.
COINCIDENCE? – Some statistics.
The area chosen for detailed examination was approximately 25 miles east to west and 20 miles north to south, centred upon Guildford in Surrey.
Within this area a list of all prehistoric sites; pre-reformation religious sites; other ancient sites; and sites of possible interest was compiled. Eighty sites in all were added to a database with their Ordnance Survey (OS) coordinates. I should point out here that the data was taken from the largest scale OS maps using Promap online to give a working tolerance of a metre.
Of these sites 22 fell upon the ten degree rays based upon a common base point (Whitmoor Barrow); 16 were in various other alignments; 18 were associated with a common distance of 3600 feet; and 11 of these sites occurred on more than one alignment.
Seven sites had serious relevance problems, being moats and Victorian churches. These were included as, certainly in the case of Victorian churches, a little research often reveals far older origins than one might at first suspect. At this time moated sites must be regarded as coincidental. The two precise ones have been excavated with no sign of anything pre-medieval.
It may well be that some of this is coincidence but the accuracy of most of this is extraordinary – for example, if the distance value of 3600 feet (Which I have named the Druid Mile) is altered to, say 3650 feet, then the new value cannot be found between any of the 80 sites, nor can any other common distance be found. This alone is well beyond coincidence. What does seem to be coincidence is the preciseness of the figure 3600. It is well known that the english foot was not standardised until the Middle Ages and that the more ancient values varied between times and places so it is difficult to see how this originated.
The alignments radiating from Whitmoor Barrow are extremely precise – the South Line has the Crooksbury Line at fifty degrees to the west and the Compton Line at thirty degrees to the west. These are mirrored by the Tyting Line at thirty degrees to the east and the Newlands Line at fifty degrees to the east – again well beyond coincidence.
There are many other ‘coincidences’ described in the text of the alignments.
The Possible Importance of Latitude
Professor Richard Atkinson, excavator and restorer of Stonehenge in the 1950’s, has stated: ‘The position, at least of the Heel Stone and the Station Stones, and indeed the latitude of Stonehenge itself, were astronomically determined’.
The latitude of Stonehenge is 51 ̊10’42”. It is now widely accepted that this location was chosen because it fell upon the best position to observe the midwinter and midsummer risings and setting of the sun, together with the rising and setting position of the moon at its major and minor standstills, these being the limit of its travel during the 18.6 year cycle of its travel. At this latitude the equinoctial risings and settings of the sun are virtually opposite to each other so a sight line may have backsights and foresights; for example the midwinter sunset in the south west is opposite the midsummer sunrise in the north east, and the midwinter sunrise is opposite the midsummer sunset. This only applies to a relatively narrow band of some 30 miles in width at the latitude of Stonehenge. Once one goes beyond this band the opposing risings and settings do not align.
The latitude of Whitmoor Barrow is 51̊ 16’ 24.9”. This is just short of seven miles north of the latitude of Stonehenge, and within the corridor of interest. If the above is true it would seem possible that other ‘observatory’ sites might lie upon the same latitude. Certainly I have faith in my discovery of the possible midwinter sunset line, reinforced by my finding of an unknown barrow precisely on this line. There is an error of just over three degrees compared with the Stonehenge figures, which could be accounted for by the elevation of the Hog’s Back, which provides a very level and clearly visible backdrop from Whitmoor Barrow. The theodolite observation which I carried out at midwinter sunset in the 1980’s satisfied me that I was observing down the alignment towards the destroyed Hog’s Back Barrow. It would be good to check this but in the intervening years the scrub birch has grown tall and strong and it is no longer possible.
It was recently pointed out to me that the Goseck Circle bears a remarkable relationship with Stonehenge in that it is on almost the same latitude. At 51011’53.72” it is a mere 1.35 miles north, well within the band of interest discussed above. The Goseck Circle is a restored Neolithic monument in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt first discovered in 1991 from aerial photographs. It is radiocarbon dated to 4900 BC and is believed to be the oldest known solar observatory, having two entrances in the henge aligning with the winter solstice sunrise in the south east and with the winter sunset in the south west. A third entrance to due north has no known significance.
There was a time when researching the above would have been a doddle but with my advancing years I find it increasingly difficult to get my head around this stuff. If I am in error I ask that I may be put right – politely I hope!